Representing twenty-one kina

The man is presented with eleven kina as shown on the left. He examines the currency and states their value as hanen fu hama doba temsi tana. The more or less literal meaning of the expression is conversational number word 5 (hanen) double (fu) and on the wrist (6) (doba (6th body part) put the flat with hole (temsi tana, the expression for the one kina coin or the value of one kina).

K1.10 as neck (11)

 The man is presented with one kina and ten toea in the form of two 50 toea coins and one ten toea coin. Because of a prior history detailed in the book, the value of 10t is treated as a unit. The man represents the value as gwer or neck (11th position) in the Oksapmin body part counting system, the equivalent of eleven 10 toea coins.


Representing twenty-one kina with the Oksapmin body part counting system.

This Oksapmin man (2001) was shown twenty-one kina worth of Papua New Guinea currency and is representing that amount in the Oksapmin language. He indicates his shoulder (10) or kat(-hai) (pointing to shoulder) doubles that value with reference fu and then indicates that he places one kina coin temsi tana (flat with hole) at his neck (11), for a total of twenty-one kina.

A sewing club at Divanap school, 2001

A teacher organized a sewing club that met at Divanap Community School.

Elementary school children displaying the Oksapmin counting system (2001)

One morning in 2001, children arrived at the elementary school classroom, but their teachers were away. As a group, they were eager to display for me the Oksapmin 27-body part counting system.